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Rules for Ramadan

The supplication for opening fasting

الاستفتاء

Assalamo Alekum Respect Mufti Sahab, I have received the following email from a salafi brother. =============================================== Supplications for fasting
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ، وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ، وَثَبَتَ الْأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ
The above supplication is for opening fast while the other narrated by almost everyone is:
اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ، وبک آمنت و علیک توکلت وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْتُ
Its yet to find these words in any hadith whether in a Sahih, dhaeef or moudhou hadith. If anyone knows from where this has originated, kindly inform, there are some words similar to it found in a hadith in Abu Dawood but it is called Mursal dhaeef. ===================================================== Please provide me authentic information because that person insists that the famous dua must be recited after doing iftar….and its content are not authentic….. Please provide detailed account on - Is there any verbal and formal niyyat required for Iftaar? - Why the famous dua is used if it is not at all authentic? -Is that dua regarded as Sunnat, wajib or Mustahab? -When should that dua be recited and is there any other more authentic dua? -Finally when should the dua "ZAHABAZ...." be recited Alhamdulillah I have received answers from your side in the past as well, And may Allah bless you all for this service

الجواب حامدا و مصلیا

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MOST BENEFICENT, THE MOST MERCIFUL
Since Dua (Supplications) made during the time of Ifthar (breaking of Fast) are accepted, various Duas in different wordings are mentioned by Rasoolullahi Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam and a particular Dua is not specified. Among them are the Duas which are mentioned in the concerned question. Nevertheless, the legendary Dua
اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ صُمْتُ، وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ أَفْطَرْتُ
which is undoubtedly established, does not include basically the words
وبک آمنت و علیک توکلت
yet, as far as the meaning is concerned there is no harm in it and it is permissible to recite them as supplications but it is not correct to consider these additional words to that of Rasoolullahi Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam or attribute them to him. This should be refrained.